References

Front matter, forward, introduction

p 4 Aim High! http://rethinkingnuclearpower.googlepages.com/aimhigh

p 4 Ralph Moir: http://ralphmoir.com

p 23 Rethinking nuclear power course: http://rethinkingnuclearpower.googlepages.com

p 24 Energy from thorium blog and forum: http://energyfromthorium.com

p 24 American Scientist article: http://home.comcast.net/~robert.hargraves/public_html/2010Hargraves2.pdf

p 25 Kirk Sorensen, fire story; http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L-T-WSWgBCc

p 26 Barack Obama March 26, 2012: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2012/03/26/remarks-president-obama-hankuk-university

 

Energy and civilization

p 30 Energy share of GDP: http://www.instituteforenergyresearch.org/2010/02/16/a-primer-on-energy-and-the-economy-energys-large-share-of-the-economy-requires-caution-in-determining-policies-that-affect-it/

p 31 Car: http://www.vanseodesign.com/web-design/visual-grammar-lines

p 32 Jaguar, Volvo flywheel hybrids: http://www.economist.com/node/21540386

p 32 Hurricane energy: http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/tcfaq/D7.html

p 32 Roller coaster: http://davidmanlysblog.blogspot.com/2011/05/ups-and-downs-of-physics.html

p 33 Clock weight escapement: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:PSM_V29_D198_Gravity_clock_escapement_mechanism_aided_by_weight.jpg

p 34 Water wheel: http://chestofbooks.com/crafts/mechanics/Engineer-Mechanic-Encyclopedia-Vol2/Water-Wheel-Part-2.html

p 34 Chemical bonds: http://www2.chemistry.msu.edu/faculty/reusch/VirtTxtJml/intro2.htm

p 37 Alhambra fountain: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alhambra

p 40 Gas molecules: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Translational_motion.gif

p 47 Carnot heat engine: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Carnot_heat_engine_2.svg

p 48 Pulverized coal: http://web.mit.edu/mitei/docs/reports/beer-emissions.pdf

p 48 Pulverized coal temperature: http://old.enea.it/attivita_ricerca/energia/sistema_elettrico/Centrali_carbone_rendimenti/RSE110.pdf

p 51 Taming of the Chloroplast: http://evolutionaryroutes.wordpress.com/2011/08/31/the-taming-of-the-chloroplast/

p 52 Eukaryotic cell: http://www.m2c3.com/chemistry/VLI/M2_Topic2/M2_Topic2_print.html

p 53 Richard Wrangham: http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2009/06/invention-of-cooking-drove-evolution-of-the-human-species-new-book-argues/

p 54 Horses: Vaclav Smil, Energies: An Illustrated Guide to the Biosphere and Civilization, MIT Press.

p 53 Quaker Oats; http://www.amazon.com/Quaker-Nutrition-Calories-Energy-Flakes/dp/B005DGWOK0

p 53 Rickover speech on energy and slavery: http://desc.hinchey.house.gov/DODRickover1957Speech.doc

p 54 Brazil green steel: http://www.forestry-invest.com/2010/eucalyptus-charcoal-brazils-choice-for-the-steel-industry/268

p 55 Grinding flour: http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/bread.htm

p 56 Waterwheel: http://www.top-alternative-energy-sources.com/water-wheel-design.html

p 57 Windmill: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windmill

p 58 England patent law and industrial revolution: http://www.amazon.com/The-Most-Powerful-Idea-World/dp/0226726347

p 58 Newcomer steam engine: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_revolution

p 60 World GDP per capita: http://econ161.berkeley.edu/TCEH/1998_Draft/World_GDP/Estimating_World_GDP.html

p 61 World energy consumption: http://www.eia.gov/forecasts/ieo/index.cfm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_energy_consumption

p 63 World CO2 emissions: http://www.eia.gov/forecasts/ieo/index.cfm

An unsustainable world

p 66 Meadows’ Limits to Growth at ASPO: http://www.aspoitalia.it/images/stories/aspo5presentations/Meadows_ASPO5.pdf

p 66 Revisiting Limits to Growth, American Scientist: http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/pub/2009/3/revisiting-the-limits-to-growth-after-peak-oil

p 66 Meadows reviewed in Smithsonian: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/Looking-Back-on-the-Limits-of-Growth.html

p 68 Murphy interview: http://oilprice.com/Interviews/Tom-Murphy-Interview-Resource-Depletion-is-a-Bigger-Threat-than-Climate-Change.html

p 68 Murphy, Do the Math: http://physics.ucsd.edu/do-the-math/p 70 CIA World Fact Book data: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/docs/rankorderguide.html

p 74 EIA world energy; http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/ieo/world.html

India energy use: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NP_Nuclear_the_fuel_for_energetic_Indian_growth_2202121.html

p 74 OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050: %http://www.oecd.org/document/34/0,3746,en_21571361_44315115_49897570_1_1_1_1,00.html

p 76 NOAA climate charts: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cmb-faq/anomalies.php

p 78 Hansen climate forcings: http://www.columbia.edu/~jeh1/2010/201010_BluePlanet.ppt

p 79 IPCC projections: http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/main.html

p 80 Rongbuk glacier: http://www.columbia.edu/~jeh1/2010/201010_BluePlanet.ppt

p 81 Coral bleaching: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/bigphotos/10063392.html

p 81 NY Times ocean acidity: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/31/science/earth/31ocean.htmlRising

p 81 Ocean acidity tutorial: http://www.skepticalscience.com/Mackie_OA_not_OK_post_1.html

p 81 Ocean acidification: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/03/120301143735.htm

p 82 EPA sulfur dioxide emission: http://www.epa.gov/airtrends/2007/report/sulfurdioxide.pdf

p 82 EPA 2011 air pollution rule: http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/d0cf6618525a9efb85257359003fb69d/cedd944b946fdc5f852578c60055e818!OpenDocument

p 83 Guardian ship emissions: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/apr/09/shipping-pollution

p 83 Gizmag ship emissions: http://www.gizmag.com/shipping-pollution/11526/

p 84 EPA ship emissions rule: http://www.epa.gov/aging/press/epanews/2009/2009_1222_1.htm

p 86 Conflict over resources: Prof. Michael Klare, Hampshire College, author of “Resource Wars” and “Blood and Oil: The Dangers and Consequences of America’s Growing Petroleum dependency”

p 89 China Daily News Oct 7, 2010: http://pub1.chinadaily.com.cn/cdpdf/us/download.shtml?c=32073

p 89 Greenland ice sheet melt: http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/greenland-melt.html

p 90 OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050: http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/32/53/49082173.pdf

 

Energy sources

p 101 Energy Safari: http://pages.google.com/pages/energysafari.

p 102 EIA 2010 sources/uses: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/pdf/sec2_3.pdf

p 105 EIA 2010 Electric Power Annual: http://www.eia.gov/electricity/annual/

p 103 Data center power use: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702303610504577420251668850864.html

p 102 EIA 2012 Energy Outlook: http://www.eia.gov/electricity/annual/http://www.eia.gov/pressroom/presentations/howard_01232012.pdf

p 105 EIA 2010 Electric Power Annual: http://www.eia.gov/electricity/annual/

p 106 EIA 2010 capital costs: http://www.eia.gov/oiaf/beck_plantcosts/pdf/updatedplantcosts.pdf

p 107 EIA 2010 Power Generation Costs: http://www.eia.gov/oiaf/beck_plantcosts/excel/table2.xls

p 108 EIA CO2 emissions: http://205.254.135.7/forecasts/ieo/emissions.cfm

Coal

p 109 IGCC efficiency: http://web.mit.edu/mitei/docs/reports/beer-emissions.pdf

p 110 New coal fired plants: http://www.netl.doe.gov/coal/refshelf/ncp.pdf

p 111 MIT CCS data base: http://sequestration.mit.edu/index.html

p 112 CBO CCS report: http://cbo.gov/publication/43357

p 113 China GreenGen: http://sequestration.mit.edu/tools/projects/greengen.html

p 113 Zobach Gorelick Earthquake triggering: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2012/06/13/1202473109.abstract?sid=f6da10e3-978d-4e86-9101-9079d428ba35

p 114 EIA coal costs: http://205.254.135.7/electricity/annual/pdf/table3.5.pdf

p 114 MIT Revised Cost of Nuclear Power: http://web.mit.edu/nuclearpower/pdf/nuclearpower-update2009.pdf

p 114 MIT Future Nuclear Power Fuel Cycle Ch 1-3: http://web.mit.edu/mitei/research/studies/documents/nuclear/nuclearpower-ch1-3.pdf

p 114 MIT Future Nuclear Power Fuel Cycle Ch 4-9: http://web.mit.edu/mitei/research/studies/documents/nuclear/nuclearpower-ch4-9.pdf

p 114 MIT Future of Coal: http://web.mit.edu/mitei/research/studies/documents/coal/The_Future_of_Coal.pdf

p 114 EIA World Energy Outlook: http://www.eia.gov/forecasts/ieo/pdf/0484(2011).pdf

p 115 NY Times fossil fuel costs: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/20/science/earth/20fossil.html

p 115 NAS fossil fuel hidden costs; http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/20/science/earth/20fossil.html

p 115 Harvard Med School coal costs: http://www.loe.org/images/content/110218/CoalPamphlet_Final_SingPg(2).pdf

Gas

p 117 Natural gas combustion turbine: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Brayton_cycle.svg

p 121 Hydraulic fracturing: http://www.fraw.org.uk/ideas/fracking/index.html

p 121 Fugitive methane emissions: http://www.sustainablefuture.cornell.edu/news/attachments/Howarth-EtAl-2011.pdf

p 122 Matt Ridley Shale Gas Shock: http://marcellus.psu.edu/resources/PDFs/shalegas_GWPF.pdf

p 123 EIA Shale Gas: http://www.eia.gov/analysis/studies/usshalegas/pdf/usshaleplays.pdf

p 122 EPA fracking emissions rule: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/19/science/earth/epa-caps-emissions-at-gas-and-oil-wells.html

p 124 US nat gas pipelines: http://www.eia.gov/pub/oil_gas/natural_gas/analysis_publications/ngpipeline/ngpipelines_map.html

p 126 Natural gas prices: http://www.ferc.gov/market-oversight/mkt-gas/overview/ngas-ovr-lng-wld-pr-est.pdf

p 127 Japan nuclear-free GDP drop 7%: http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ201206300053

p 128 Natural gas prices, EIA: http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/rngc1d.htm

p 128  EIA 2012 Energy Outlook: http://www.eia.gov/pressroom/presentations/howard_01232012.pdf

EIA Natural gas prices, Howard: http://www.eia.gov/pressroom/presentations/howard_01232012.pdf

p 128 EIA Int’l natural gas outlook: http://www.eia.gov/forecasts/ieo/nat_gas.cfm

p 129 Pittinger shale gas prices: http://www.theoildrum.com/node/8212

p 130 Natural gas matches coal: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/06/27/utilities-coal-gas-eia-idUSL2E8HRG6820120627

Wind

p 132 Brazos wind farm: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brazos_Wind_Farm

p 133 US DOE wind map: http://www.eere.energy.gov/windandhydro/windpoweringamerica/wind_maps.asp

p 135 Cape Wind prices: http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2011/12/28/after-court-ruling-cape-wind-poised-move-forward/cjtMPcMX47lYPDbtbH5fTK/story.html

p 135 NStar merger: http://www.boston.com/Boston/businessupdates/2012/02/nstar-agrees-buy-cape-wind-power-win-state-okay-merger/38TIb9N1uq7B8P3WHxfOOK/index.html

p 135 Deepwater Wind: http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/10/13/us-deepwater-wind-idUSTRE79C0YC20111013p 140 GE FlexEff/Wind combo: http://theenergycollective.com/willem-post/59747/ge-flexefficiency-50-ccgt-facilities-and-wind-turbine-facilities

p 136 William Palmer, Ontario Coal/Wind: http://www.masterresource.org/2012/02/ontario-windpower-case-study-i/

p 139 EPA proposed CO2/kWh limit: http://epa.gov/carbonpollutionstandard/pdfs/20120327factsheet.pdf

p 140 Willem Post Wind/CO2: http://theenergycollective.com/willem-post/64492/wind-energy-reduces-co2-emissions-few-percent

p 141 Australia wind farm performance: http://windfarmperformance.info/

p 142 Irish grid wind CO2: http://www.clepair.net/IerlandUdo.html

p 142 Bentek study CO and TX: http://docs.wind-watch.org/BENTEK-How-Less-Became-More.pdf

p 142 Lang CO2 avoided by wind: http://bravenewclimate.files.wordpress.com/2009/08/peter-lang-wind-power.pdf

Solar

p 144 Passive solar: http://www.energysavers.gov/your_home/designing_remodeling/index.cfm/mytopic=10270

145 China solar hot water: http://www.easybizchina.com/freemember/products/3303/snxing_solar_energy_technology_co__ltd-1.html

p 146 IEA world solar: http://www.iea-shc.org/publications/downloads/Solar_Heat_Worldwide-2011.pdfp 146 AllEarth solar production: http://www.allearthrenewables.com/energy-production-report/detail/316#view=yearly&date=2011-01-01

p 146 AllEarth solar VT diocese: http://www.vermontbiz.com/news/january/largest-solar-installation-burlington-now-operating-rock-point

p 149 Albiasa Caceres: http://www.albiasasolar.com/pdfs/projects.pdf

p 149 Albiasa abandons Arizona: http://www.azinews.com/2011/09/01/albiasa-abandons-solar-project/

p 149 Abengoa solar cost: http://www.abengoasolar.com/corp/web/en/acerca_de_nosotros/sala_de_prensa/noticias/2011/solar_20110913.html

p 149 Brightsource CA solar cost: http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-me-solar-tortoise-20120304,0,6145488.story

p 147 Andasol parabolic troughs: http://www.renewbl.com/2009/07/02/solar-millenium-officially-inaugurated-andasol-1-parabolic-trough-power-plant.html

p 148 Andasol solar molten salt: http://www.nrel.gov/csp/troughnet/pdfs/2007/martin_andasol_pictures_storage.pdf

p 148 Solar grand plan: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=a-solar-grand-plan&page=1

p 150 MIT Intermittent Renewables: http://web.mit.edu/mitei/research/reports/intermittent-renewables-full.pdf

Biofuels

p 151 Wood composition: http://marioloureiro.net/ciencia/ignicao_vegt/ragla91a.pdf

p 151 Wood moisture: http://www.epa.gov/burnwise/workshop2011/WoodCombustion-Curkeet.pdf

p 152 EPA clean energy stats: http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-resources/refs.html

p 151 USDA BTUs green wood: http://www.fpl.fs.fed.us/documnts/techline/fuel-value-calculator.pdf

p 151 EPA forest carbon sequestration: http://www.epa.gov/sequestration/faq.html

p 152 NH biomass plant cost: http://supportnhbiomass.wordpress.com/press-releases/

p 153 Burlington McNeil wood chip cost: https://www.burlingtonelectric.com/page.php?pid=75&name=mcneil

p 156 EROI ethanol: http://netenergy.theoildrum.com/node/6760

p 157 Biomass per gallon: http://www1.eere.energy.gov/biomass/ethanol_yield_calculator.html

p 157 US Renewable Energy Labs Biomass: http://www.nrel.gov/biomass/

p 157 US cellulosic ethanol plant: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/07/business/energy-environment/us-backs-plant-to-make-fuel-from-corn-waste.html

p 157 NREL biofuel brochure: http://www.nrel.gov/biomass/pdfs/40742.pdf

p 158 Corn prices: http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/business/energy-environment/biofuels/index.html?scp=5&sq=corn%20prices&st=cse

p 158 Food fuel competition: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/07/science/earth/07cassava.html

p 157 WSJ cellulosic ethanol mandate: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204012004577072470158115782.html

Energy storage

p 159 Economist energy storage: http://www.economist.com/node/21548495?frsc=dg%7Ca

p 160 Sadoway Mg-Sb liquid battery: http://sadoway.mit.edu/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Sadoway_Resume/141.pdf

p 160 MIT liquid flow battery: http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2011/flow-batteries-0606.html

p 160 Battery switching car: http://www.betterplace.com/

p 161 Utility scale batteries: http://www.electrochem.org/dl/interface/fal/fal10/fal10_p049-053.pdf

p 161 Beacon Power flywheels: http://www.beaconpower.com/files/EESAT_2011_Final.pdf

p 163 EPRI CAES: http://my.epri.com/portal/server.pt?space=CommunityPage&cached=true&parentname=ObjMgr&parentid=2&control=SetCommunity&CommunityID=405

p 164 EPRI utility battery costs: http://gigaom.com/cleantech/5-things-you-need-to-know-about-energy-storage/

p 164 EPRI energy storage exec summary: http://www.epri.com/abstracts/pages/productabstract.aspx?ProductID=000000000001020676

p 166 Siemens hydrogen storage: http://www.technologyreview.com/energy/40001/?nlid=nldly&nld=2012-03-29

Conservation

p 170 EIA 2012 annual energy outlook: http://www.eia.gov/forecasts/aeo/er/

p 171 en.lighten energy saving: http://www.enlighten-initiative.org/portal/CountrySupport/CLAs/Energysavingbenefits/tabid/79099/Default.aspx

p 170 Energy intensity: http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/international/iealf/tablee1p.xls

p 173 Hansen on meat: http://bravenewclimate.com/2012/03/24/dietary-gc-ignores-cc/

Other

p 168 Hydro: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydroelectricity

p 169 Grand Inga Dam: http://www.internationalrivers.org/campaigns/grand-inga-dam-dr-congo

p 174 Desalination: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desalination#Cogeneration

p 174 Desalination Grand Cayman: http://www.desalination.com/

p 174 Nuclear power: http://www.world-nuclear.org/

Liquid fluoride thorium reactor

p 178 Periodic table: http://www.ptable.com/

p 182 NRC PWR: http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/basic-ref/students/animated-pwr.html

p 182 NRC BWR: http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/basic-ref/students/animated-bwr.html

p 183 Fuel rod cross section: http://jolisfukyu.tokai-sc.jaea.go.jp/fukyu/mirai-en/2008/5_3.html

p 187 Molten plutonium reactor: http://fas.org/sgp/othergov/doe/lanl/pubs/00416628.pdf

p 189 Johnson thorium chemistry: http://www.thoriumenergyalliance.com/downloads/TEAC3%20presentations/TEAC3_Johnson_KimLawrence.pdf

p 190 WNA on thorium: http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/inf62.html

p 200 Haubenreich, Engel, MSRE experience http://energyfromthorium.com/pdf/NAT_MSREexperience.pdf

p 200 Wikipedia MSRE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molten_Salt_Reactor_Experiment

p 192 ORNL molten salt document repository: http://www.energyfromthorium.com/pdf/

p 192 Hoglund’s ORNL molten salt doc repository: http://moltensalt.org/references/static/downloads/pdf/

p 192 MacPherson 1985 molten salt reactor adventure: http://www.moltensalt.org/references/static/home.earthlink.net/bhoglund/mSR_Adventure.html

p 188 Aircraft reactor experiment: http://moltensalt.org/references/static/downloads/pdf/NSE_ARE_Operation.pdf

\p 193 Wikipedia LFTR: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liquid_fluoride_thorium_reactor

p 193 Forsberg et al advanced MSR high temp reactor: www.ornl.gov/~webworks/cppr/y2001/pres/119930.pdf

p 198 MIT Steam/Brayton/SCO2 power conversion: http://stuff.mit.edu/afs/athena/course/22/22.33/www/dostal.pdf

p 199 Forsberg open cycle Brayton: https://www.ornl.gov/fhr/presentations/Forsberg.pdf

p 200 Haubenreich interview: http://energyfromthorium.com/msrp/paul-haubenreich/

p 200 Weinberg, Alvin; The First Nuclear Era: The life and times of a technological fixer

p 200 Martin, Richard; SuperFuel: Thorium, the green energy source for the future: http://www.amazon.com/SuperFuel-Thorium-Energy-Source-Future/dp/0230116477/

p 201 World spent fuel stocks: https://iaea.org/NewsCenter/Features/UndergroundLabs/Grimsel/storageoverview.pdf

p 202 Liquid chloride fast reactor: http://moltensalt.org/references/static/downloads/pdf/ANL-6792.pdf

p 203 Moir fission-fusion hybrid: http://ralphmoir.com/aFusFisHyb.htm

p 203 Moir Fusion thorium breeder: http://ralphmoir.com/media/thBreedNProlifICENESdr7.pdf

p 204 US thorium reserves: http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/thorium/myb1-2007-thori.pdf

p 204 Lemhi Pass thorium reserves: http://www.thoriumenergy.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=43&Itemid=68

p 204 Thorium reserves: http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/inf62.html

p 206 David MSR waste: http://www.europhysicsnews.org/index.php?option=article&access=standard&Itemid=129&url=/articles/epn/pdf/2007/02/epn07204.pdf

p 206 LeBrun et al MSBR radiotoxicity: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/04/14/97/PDF/document_IAEA.pdf

Denatured Molten Salt Reactor (DMSR)

p 208 ORNL DMSR 1971: http://www.energyfromthorium.com/pdf/ORNL-4541.pdf

p 208 ORNL 7207 scanned: http://moltensalt.org/references/static/ralphmoir/ORNL-TM-7207.pdf

p 208 ORNL 7207 OCR Word, DMSR Engel et al 1980: http://www.energyfromthorium.com/pdf/ORNL-TM-7207.pdf

p 208 ORNL MSRE design study: http://moltensalt.org/references/static/downloads/pdf/ORNL-2796.pdf

p 208 ORNL DMSR 1978: http://www.energyfromthorium.com/pdf/ORNL-5388.pdf

p 208 ORNL 1979 development program: http://moltensalt.org/references/static/downloads/pdf/ORNL-TM-6415.pdf

p 208 ORNL 1972 MSR noble metals: http://moltensalt.org/references/static/downloads/pdf/ORNL-TM-3884.pdf

p 208 ORNL 1980 DMSR: http://www.energyfromthorium.com/pdf/ORNL-TM-7207.pdf

p 209 LeBlanc new beginning old idea: http://www.energyfromthorium.com/forum/download/file.php?id=480&sid=d82b958034ccdcfbe4d859c75840036b

p 209 denatured molten salt reactors:

http://www.coal2nuclear.com/MSR%20-%20Denatured%20-%20CNSLeBlanc2010revised.pdf

p 209 LeBlanc MSRs: http://www.torium.se/res/Documents/dleblancnewvisiongenivpdf.pdf

p 209 LeBlanc DMSR video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_-BXg18fAIk&feature=player_embedded

p 210 Forsberg proliferation resistant fuel cycles: http://www.ornl.gov/~webworks/cpr/misc/106598.pdf

p 210 Forsberg: MSR Options: http://www.ornl.gov/~webworks/cppr/y2001/misc/120977.pdf

p 210 Uranium seawater collection: http://www.physics.harvard.edu/~wilson/energypmp/2009_Tamada.pdf

Pebble bed advanced high-temperature reactor (PB-AHTR)

p 212 UC Berkeley PB-AHTR project home: http://pb-ahtr.nuc.berkeley.edu/

p 212 Peterson, Scarlat 2010 PB-AHTR presentation: http://www.thoriumenergyalliance.com/downloads/TEAC3%20presentations/TEAC3_Scarlat_Raluca.pdf

p 215 Forsberg MIT/UCB/UW work: http://web.mit.edu/nse/pdf/researchstaff/forsberg/FHR%20Project%20Presentation%20Nov%202011.pdf

p 215 TRISO fuel mfg B&W: https://www.ornl.gov/fhr/presentations/Nagley.pdf

LFTR energy cheaper than coal

p 217 Kasten MOSEL MSR cost: http://www.moltensalt.org/references/static/brucehoglund/msrMOSELConcept_OCR.pdf

p 217 SL-1954 capital cost estimate: http://moltensalt.org/references/static/downloads/pdf/SL-1954.pdf

p 217 Sargent and Lundy, Capital Investment for 1000 MW(e) Molten Salt Converter Reference Design Power Reactor, report SL 1994 (27 December 1962).

p 217 Oak Ridge TM1060 1965 cost estimate: http://moltensalt.org/references/static/downloads/pdf/ORNL-TM-1060.pdf

p 217 Moir MSR cost estimate: http://ralphmoir.com/media/coe_10_2_2001.pdf

p 217 ORNL LFTR fuel cycle costs: http://moltensalt.org/references/static/downloads/pdf/CF-61-8-86.pdf

p 217 Moir 2008 MSR est costs: http://ralphmoir.com/media/moir_icenes_07.pdf

p 220 University of Chicago economic future nuclear power: http://www.ne.doe.gov/np2010/reports/NuclIndustryStudy-Summary.pdf

p 221 Boeing 737 assembly line, photo k62904 copyright Boeing Aircraft

Development tasks

p 226 ORNL MSR development uncertainties: http://www.energyfromthorium.com/doc/ORNL4541_sec16.html

p 226 Forsberg MSR technology gaps: http://www.torium.se/res/Documents/124670.pdf

p 227  http://moltensalt.org/references/static/downloads/pdf/ORNL-TM-6415.pdf

p 227 ORNL MSR dev plan 1974: http://www.energyfromthorium.com/pdf/ORNL-5018.pdf

p 231 ORNL noble metal migration: http://moltensalt.org/references/static/downloads/pdf/ORNL-TM-3884.pdf

p 231 Madden theoretical chemistry presentation: http://www.itheo.org/sites/default/files/pdf/Paul_Madden.pdf

p 231 Madden flibe conductivity viscosity: http://www.mendeley.com/research/conductivityviscositystructure-unpicking-the-relationship-in-an-ionic-liquid/

p 233 Messinger MIT off gass: http://icapp.ans.org/icapp12/program/abstracts/12097.pdf

p 235 Heat exchanger diagram: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Spiral_heat_exchanger.png

p 235 Heat exchanger EfT forum: http://energyfromthorium.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=1017&sid=69b28d995589bc6238d49a4fc483bc65

p 235 ORNL materials testing plan: http://nuclear.inl.gov/deliverables/docs/intg-matls-plan.pdf

p 235 ORNL materials experience: http://nuclear.inl.gov/deliverables/docs/gfr_matls_rd_plan_r1.pdf

p 235 Newsome, Snead, SiC neutron irradiation: http://www.osti.gov/bridge/servlets/purl/903202-raGNdX/903202.pdf

p 236 ORNL tritium: http://www.energyfromthorium.com/pdf/ORNL-TM-5759.pdf

p 236 Sorensen Li-6 separation: http://energyfromthorium.com/category/materials/lithium/

p 236 EfT forum Lithium-7: http://energyfromthorium.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=64&t=363

p 236 Ragheb isotopic separation: https://netfiles.uiuc.edu/mragheb/www/NPRE%20402%20ME%20405%20Nuclear%20Power%20Engineering/Isotopic%20Separation%20and%20Enrichment.pdf

p 238 Brayton cycle reheat: http://nuclear.inl.gov/deliverables/docs/genivihc_2006_milestone_report_7_1_2006_final.pdf

p 238 U Waterloo Brayton cycle tutorial: http://www.mhtlab.uwaterloo.ca/courses/me354/lectures/pdffiles/web7.pdf

p 239 MIT supercritical CO2 power conversion: http://stuff.mit.edu/afs/athena/course/22/22.33/www/dostal.pdf

p 239 Wright Sandia SCO2: http://www.barber-nichols.com/sites/default/files/wysiwyg/images/supercritical_co2_turbines.pdf

p 239 Wright, SCO2 interview: http://djysrv.blogspot.com/2012/05/supercritical-co2-turbine-being.html

p 239 Siemens 51% efficient steam turbine: http://www.pennenergy.com/index/articles/pe-article-tools-template.articles.power-engineering-international.volume-13.issue-10.features.power-plant-control.finely-tuned.html

p 245 Bonometti program advice: http://www.thoriumenergyalliance.com/downloads/TEAC3%20presentations/TEAC3_Bonometti_Joe.pdf

p 249 DOE plan destroy U-233: http://www.em.doe.gov/PDFs/ProjectFiles/OakRidge.pdf

p 244 Magreb decay heat: http://www.ewp.rpi.edu/hartford/~ernesto/F2011/EP/MaterialsforStudents/Petty/Ragheb-Ch8-2011.PDF

p 244 Sorensen spent fuel explorer: http://www.energyfromthorium.com/javaws/SpentFuelExplorer.jnlp

p 245 Siemer, Nuclear Technology, June 2012, Improving the integral fast reactor’s proposed salt waste management system

Builders

p 248 Moir, Restart MSR program: http://ralphmoir.com/media/moir_icenes_07.pdf

p 248 ORNL docs, Energy from Thorium: http://www.energyfromthorium.com/pdf/

p 254 Transatomic Power: http://transatomicpower.com/

p 254 Transatomic Power money:  http://www.masshightech.com/stories/2012/05/28/daily28-Transatomic-secures-763K.html

255 Thorenco presentation: http://www.thoriumenergyalliance.com/downloads/TEAC3%20presentations/TEAC3_Holden_Charles.pdf

p 257 ORLY Energy Group: http://www.orlygroup.com/lftr.html

p 259 China pebble bed reactor: http://pebblebedreactor.blogspot.com/2007/03/china-has-built-pebble-bed-reactor.html

p 258 China AP1000 cost: http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/inf63.html

p 260 Chinese Academy of Sciences: http://energyfromthorium.com/2011/01/

p 263 International Thorium Energy Organization: http://itheo.org/

p 264 Merle-Lucotte Fast MSR start w plutonium: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00135141_v1/

p 264 Merle-Lucotte iTheo 2010 TMSR overview: http://www.itheo.org/sites/default/files/pdf/Elsa_Merle-Lucotte.pdf

p 264 Merle-Lucotte min fissile in fast MSR: http://hal.in2p3.fr/docs/00/38/53/78/PDF/ANFM09-MSFR.pdf

p 264 Merle-Lucotte transition 2nd 3rd gen to TMSR: http://hal.in2p3.fr/docs/00/13/51/49/PDF/ICAPP07_final.pdf

p 265 Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology MSR article: http://www.snetp.eu/www/snetp/images/stories/Docs-SRA2012/sra_annex-MSRS.pdf

p 265 Mouney Pu management in LWR fuel cycle: http://nuclear.tamu.edu/~ragusa/documents/courses/489_09A/lectures/projects/multi/Plutonium_and_minor_actinides_management_in_the_nuclear_fuel_cycle--_assessing_and_controlling_the_inventory.pdf

p 265 Czech LFTR joint venture: http://www.praguepost.com/business/10382-czechs-aussies-partner-on-energy.html

p 265 Uhlir Rez Czech R&D: http://www.torium.se/res/Documents/uhlirfluorination1.pdf

p 266 Thorium Power Canada: http://www.thoriumpowercanada.com/

p 266 DBI Century Fuels: http://www.dauvergne.com/technology/technology-overview/

p 266 Thorium One Canada: http://www.thorium1.com/

p 267 Japan FUJI MSR: http://nextbigfuture.com/2007/12/fuji-molten-salt-reactor.html

p 267 Japan FUJI IAEA: http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/te_1536_web.pdf

p 268 Furukawa et al sustainable secure nuclear industry: http://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs/19683/InTech-New_sustainable_secure_nuclear_industry_based_on_thorium_molten_salt_nuclear_energy_synergetics_thorims_nes_.pdf

Contenders

p 271 US DOE NGNP: https://inlportal.inl.gov/portal/server.pt/gateway/PTARGS_0_2_3310_277_2604_43/http%3B/inlpublisher%3B7087/publishedcontent/publish/communities/inl_gov/about_inl/gen_iv___technical_documents/a1_ngnp_fy07_external.pdf

p 272 NGNP Alliance docs: http://www.ngnpalliance.org/index.php/resources

p 272 NGNP 2010 status: http://www.ngnpalliance.org/index.php/resources/download/czo4NDoiL2ltYWdlcy9nZW5lcmFsX2ZpbGVzL1N1bW1hcnlfZm9yX3RoZV9OZXh0X0dlbmVyYXRpb25fTnVjbGVhcl9QbGFudF9Qcm9qZWN0XzIwMTAucGRmIjs_

p 272 INL NGNP: www.inl.gov/technicalpublications/Documents/4680340.pdf

p 272 NGNP schedule: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=6&ved=0CHIQFjAF&url=https%3A%2F%2Finlportal.inl.gov%2Fportal%2Fserver.pt%2Fdocument%2F98008%2Fngnp_integrated_schedule_development_plan_pdf&ei=3QaoT9GyNer86QG8482fBA&usg=AFQjCNF5WT2T7lzxYHKUByby2m29Uj_LsA

p 272 INL NGNP fact sheet: http://www.inl.gov/research/next-generation-nuclear-plant/

p 276 Westinghouse AP1000: http://www.westinghousenuclear.com/docs/AP1000_brochure.pdf

p 278 AP1000 in China: http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/inf63.html

Small modular reactors

p 280 B&W mPower: http://www.generationmpower.com/

p 281 NuScale: http://www.nuscale.com/index.php

p 282 Holtec presentation: http://pbadupws.nrc.gov/docs/ML1120/ML112070201.pdf

p 283 Westinghouse SMR: http://www.westinghousenuclear.com/SMR/index.htm

p 283 NRC Westinghouse presentation: http://pbadupws.nrc.gov/docs/ML1119/ML111920208.pdf

p 284 Gen4 Energy: http://www.gen4energy.com/

Liquid metal cooled fast breeder reactors

p 285 Fast neutron reactors: http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/default.aspx?id=540

p 287 EBR-II: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EBR-II

p 289 Plutonium from UK magnox: http://atomicinsights.com/2010/07/proving-a-negative-why-modern-used-nuclear-fuel-cannot-be-used-to-make-a-weapon.html

p 289 GE Hitachi advanced recycling center: http://www.usnuclearenergy.org/PDF_Library/_GE_Hitachi%20_advanced_Recycling_Center_GNEP.pdf

p 289 GEH Prism tech brief: http://cfcc.edu/lrc/documents/PRISMTechnicalbriefR0.pdf

p 289 NRC GEH Prism pre application safety report NUREG-1368: http://www.osti.gov/bridge/servlets/purl/10133164-2ZfTJr/native/10133164.pdf

p 290 Russian Alfa submarine: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfa_class_submarine

p 290 Russian SVBR-100: http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/NN_Heavy_metal_power_reactor_slated_for_2017_2303122.html

p 291 TerraPower, Tyler Ellis et al: http://lumma.org/temp/Ellis_et_al-TWRs_A_Truly_Sustainable_Resource.pdf

p 292 TerraPower 500 MW, Charles Ahlfeld et al: http://www.terrapower.com/Libraries/Article_Reprints/ICAPP_2011_Paper_11199.sflb.ashx

p 292 MIT Tech Rev of TWR; http://www.technologyreview.com/energy/38148/

Accelerator-driven subcritical reactors

p 296 McIntyre ADS: http://energy2050.se/uploads/files/rubbia2.pdf

p 296 WNA, ADS: http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/inf35.html

p 296 Subcritical reactors: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subcritical_reactor

p 298 ORNL spallation neutron source: http://neutrons.ornl.gov/facilities/SNS/

p 299 Thorium Energy Association: http://thorea.hud.ac.uk/

p 299 ThorEA 2010 report: http://www.thorea.org/publications/ThoreaReportFinal.pdf

p 300 Rubbia, Aker Solutions, ADSR: http://energy2050.se/uploads/files/rubbia2.pdf

p 300 ADNA ADSR 2010: http://www.phys.vt.edu/~kimballton/gem-star/workshop/presentations/bowman.pdf

p 300 Intl ADSR conferences [possible malware]: http://www.ivsnet.org/ADS/ADS2011/

p 300 iTheo 2010 ADSR and MSR presentations: http://www.itheo.org/thorium-energy-conference-2010

p 300 UK Daily Mail: Emma and thorium: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/moslive/article-2001548/Electron-Model-Many-Applications-Technology-save-world.html#ixzz1P2lkjkiG

Safety

p 305 Madrigal 2010 accidents: http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2011/03/25-other-energy-disasters-from-the-last-year/72814/

p 307 Paul Scherrer Insitut accidents: http://gabe.web.psi.ch/pdfs/PSI_Report/ENSAD98.pdf

p 308 NRC SORCA: http://www.nrc.gov/about-nrc/regulatory/research/soar.html

p 310 Alpha particles etc diagram: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionizing_radiation#Ionizing_radiation_level_examples

p 311 Reactive oxygen species: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reactive_oxygen_species

p 311 Idaho State U radioactivity in nature: http://www.physics.isu.edu/radinf/natural.htm

p 311 Idaho State U radiation information network: http://www.physics.isu.edu/radinf/

p 312 Post, radiation exposure: http://theenergycollective.com/willem-post/53939/radiation-exposure

p 312 Health Physics Society: http://www.radiationanswers.org/

p 312 IEM radiation tool box: http://www.iem-inc.com/toolset.html

p 312 Health physics society: http://www.hps.org/

p 315 NAS BEIR VII: http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11340

p 318 Levitt, Freakonomics: http://www.freakonomics.com/

p 318 Slovic, Bull Atomic Scientists: http://intl-bos.sagepub.com/content/68/3/67.full

p 318 Bulletin Atomic Scientists on LNT: http://intl-bos.sagepub.com/content/current

p 319 Furedi, Culture of fear: http://www.amazon.com/Culture-Fear-Revisited-Frank-Furedi/dp/0826493955/ref=sr_1_4?ie=UTF8&qid=1336081132&sr=8-4

p 321 Cohen, LNT validity: http://www.world-nuclear.org/sym/1998/cohen.htm

p 321 Cohen, LNT: http://www.phyast.pitt.edu/~blc/

p 321 Cohen, Nuclear energy option: http://www.phyast.pitt.edu/~blc/book/BOOK.html

p 321 Craig, LNT validity URL collection: http://a-place-to-stand.blogspot.com/2010/03/low-level-radiation-evidence-that-it-is.html

p 327 Taiwan apartment Co-60 radiation: http://www.jpands.org/vol9no1/chen.pdf

p 324 Fukushima radiation: http://safetyfirst.nei.org/public-health/experts-say-health-effects-of-fukushima-accident-should-be-very-minor/

p 324 ANS Fukushima report: http://fukushima.ans.org/report/Fukushima_report.pdf

p 325  DOE low dose radiation: http://lowdose.energy.gov/

p 325 US DOE low dose radiation: http://lowdose.energy.gov/radiobio_slideshow.aspx

p 325 Cuttler Fukushima evacuation: http://www.ourenergypolicy.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/35766131k01w4103.pdf

p 325 Cuttler Fukushima presentation: http://atomicinsights.com/wp-content/uploads/Cuttler-2012_ANS-President-Session_Jun23-copy.pdf

p 325 New Mexico low background radiation experiment: http://www.wipp.energy.gov/pr/2011/Low%20Background%20Radiation%20Experiment%20News%20Release.pdf

p 326 US DOE low dose research highlights: http://lowdose.energy.gov/science_highlights.aspx

p 326 Lawrence Berkeley Lab DNA repair: http://newscenter.lbl.gov/news-releases/2011/12/20/low-dose-radiation/

p 326 Lawrence Berkeley Lab DNA repair: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2011/12/16/1117849108.full.pdf+html

p 327 MIT Engelward, Yanch, prolonged rad exposure: http: //web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2012/prolonged-radiation-exposure-0515.html

p 328 Int’l Dose Response Society: http://www.dose-response.org/

p 328 Healthy worker effect: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2889508/

p 328 Fukushima evacuation deaths:  http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national/T120204003191.htm

p 328 Zbigniew Jaworowski, APS newsletter, radiation ethics: http://www.riskworld.com/Nreports/1999/jaworowski/NR99aa01.htm

p 329 Allison Radiation and Reason: http://www.radiationandreason.com/

p 329 Allison 100mSv/month: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=Uj8Pl1AiOuA

p 330 ANS special session on LNT (big download): http://www.new.ans.org/about/officers/docs/special-session-low-level-radiation-version1.4.pdf

p 331 Ragheb Gabon natural reactors: https://netfiles.uiuc.edu/mragheb/www/NPRE%20402%20ME%20405%20Nuclear%20Power%20Engineering/Natural%20%20Nuclear%20Reactors,%20The%20Oklo%20Phenomenon.pdf

p 332 Sandia deep borehole disposal: http://www.mkg.se/uploads/Bil_2_Deep_Borehole_Disposal_High-Level_Radioactive_Waste_-_Sandia_Report_2009-4401_August_2009.pdf

p 332 Economist, waste disposal: http://www.economist.com/node/21556100

p 334 WIPP: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waste_Isolation_Pilot_Plant

p 335 David MSR waste: http://www.europhysicsnews.org/index.php?option=article&access=standard&Itemid=129&url=/articles/epn/pdf/2007/02/epn07204.pdf

p 336 Reed, Stillman, Nuclear Express: http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/076033904X

p 336 NY Times, the bomb: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/09/science/09bomb.html

p 339 LeBrun et al, MSBR radiotoxicity, proliferation resist: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/04/14/97/PDF/document_IAEA.pdf

p 339 U-232 decay: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uranium-233#U-232_impurity

p 340 Kang, von Hippel, proliferation resistance U-233:

http://scienceandglobalsecurity.org/archive/sgs09kang.pdf

p 340 Gamma ray detecting satellites: http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/sats_n_data/gamma_missions.html

p 341 Hoglund molten salt references: http://moltensalt.org/references/static/home.earthlink.net/bhoglund/index.html

p 341 Hoglund proliferation resistance: http://www.moltensalt.org/references/static/home.earthlink.net/bhoglund/multiMissionMSR.html

p 341  Moir molten salt papers: http://ralphmoir.com/aMlt_slt.htmz

p 341 Moir U-232 proliferation resistance: http://ralphmoir.com/media/lLNLReport2_2010_06_25.pdf

p 341  Hoglund Multi mission MSR: http://www.moltensalt.org/references/static/home.earthlink.net/bhoglund/multiMissionMSR.html

p 341 Energy from Thorium proliferation discussion: http://energyfromthorium.com/2010/10/02/lftr-discourages-weapons-proliferation

p 342 Pakistan nuclear weapons: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan_and_weapons_of_mass_destruction

A sustainable world

Coal

p 345 Holm thorium applications: http://www.thoriumapplications.com/chapter_10_page_8.htm

p 345 1200 world’s largest coal plants: http://carma.org/

Oil

p 347 Worldwatch sustainable world: http://ww.worldwatch.org/climate-energy

p 348 Shell Pearl gas to liquids: http://www.shell.com/home/content/aboutshell/our_strategy/major_projects_2/pearl/ships_first_products/

p 348 Shell, van de Veer: http://www.shell.com/home/content/media/speeches_and_webcasts/archive/2008/jvdv_two_energy_futures_25012008.html

p 349 Walter, alt transportation fuels: http://www.same-satx.org/briefs/090317-walters.pdf

p 350 Holm, coal2thorium: http://coal2thorium.com

p 353 Forsberg shale oil: http://web.mit.edu/nse/pdf/faculty/forsberg/ANS%202011%20Transport%20Panel%20Nov%20Ext.pdf

p 350 Colorado Geo Survey, retort: http://geosurvey.state.co.us/energy/Oil%20Shale/Pages/OilShale.aspx

p 350 RAND report on shale oil: http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2005/RAND_MG414.pdf

p 350 Shale oil extraction: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shale_oil_extraction

p 351 Shell electric heating: http://ostseis.anl.gov/guide/oilshale/

p 352 Exxon Mobil ElectroFrac: http://208.88.130.69/August-2008-Shale-oil-pilot-projects-proliferate.html

p 352 ElectroFrac test results: http://ceri-mines.org/documents/29thsymposium/papers09/Paper_03-4_Symington-Bill.pdf

p 353 Forsberg shale oil: http://web.mit.edu/nse/pdf/faculty/forsberg/ANS%202011%20Transport%20Panel%20Nov%20Ext.pdf

p 353 Oil Drum EROI shale oil tar sands: http://www.theoildrum.com/node/3839

p 354 Alberta Oil Sands: http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/inf49a_Alberta_Tar_Sands.html

p 355 Gasoline: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gasoline

p 360 Uhrig et al hydrogen economy synfuels: www.tbp.org/pages/publications/Bent/Features/Su07Uhrig.pdf

p 360 Bogart et al production liquid synfuels: ICAPP ‘ http://www.osti.gov/energycitations/product.biblio.jsp?osti_id=21016358

p 359 SRI coal plus natural gas synfuels: http://www.sri.com/news/releases/122011.html

p 360 Green Freedom: http://www.lanl.gov/news/newsbulletin/pdf/Green_Freedom_Overview.pdf

p 360 Green Freedom presentation: http://www.coal2nuclear.com/Green%20Freedom%20-%20Martin_AEC_2008_revised.pdf

p 360 David Keith air capture: http://keith.seas.harvard.edu/AirCapture.html

p 362 Olah et al Recycling CO2: https://wiki.ornl.gov/sites/carboncapture/Shared%20Documents/Background%20Materials/Alternative%20Methods/G.%20Olah.pdf

p 357 Copper chlorine cycle: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper-chlorine_cycle

p 362 Biomass to diesel, Seiler, Hohwiller: http://www.wcce8.org/doc/090803_CH_Technico_economy_of_ScBtL.pdf

p 362 Biomass to diesel: http://www-ist.cea.fr/publicea/exl-doc/200500001687.pdf

p 362 DOE biomass study: http://www.eere.energy.gov/biomass/pdfs/final_billionton_vision_report2.pdf

p 362 Entrained flow gasifier: http://www.biofuelstp.eu/btl.html

Ammonia

p 365 Hargraves, Siemer, Nuclear Ammonia: http://www.itheo.org/sites/default/files/pdf/Nuclear%20Ammonia;%20Thorium's%20Killer%20App%20-%20Robert%20Hargraves%20-%20Dartmouth%20College%20-%20ThEC11.pdf

p 366 NH3 Fuel Association: http://www.nh3fuelassociation.org/

p 367 Free piston engine: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdfplus/10.1021/ef800217k

p 367 Sturman hydraulic engine: http://www.stevesturgess.com/2011/08/no-cam-no-crank-no-carbon-engine.html

p 367 Hydrofuel Inc NH3 vehicles: http://www.nh3fuel.com/

p 368 Apollo Fuel Cells: http://www.electricauto.com/prod_00.html

p 368 Solid state ammonia synthesis:

http://www.energy.iastate.edu/Renewable/ammonia/ammonia/2008/Sammes_2008.pdf

p 370 Calif. gasoline costs: http://energyalmanac.ca.gov/gasoline/margins/index.php

p 371 Ammonia hazard analysis: http://www.iowaenergycenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/NH3_RiskAnalysis_final.pdf

p 372 Hargraves Nuclear Ammonia: http://energyfromthorium.com/2011/10/29/nuclear-ammonia/

Nuclear cement

p 373 Hargraves Nuclear Cement: http://energyfromthorium.com/2011/11/07/nuclear-cement/

Hydrogen

p 376 Forsberg Nuclear Hydrogen: http://www.ornl.gov/~webworks/cppr/y2001/pres/124155.pdf

p 376 Forsberg Hydrogen markets: www.ornl.gov/~webworks/cppr/y2001/pres/122902.pdf

p 377 Copper chloride cycle: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper%E2%80%93chlorine_cycle

p 378 Honda Clarity: http://automobiles.honda.com/fcx-clarity/

p 378 How Honda Clarity works: http://automobiles.honda.com/fcx-clarity/how-fcx-works.aspx

p 378 Linde US hydrogen: http://www.linde-gas.com/en/innovations/hydrogen_energy/index.html

p 378 Linde hydrogen: http://www.lindegaz.com.tr/international/web/lg/com/likelgcom30.nsf/docbyalias/nav_hydrogen

p 378 Hydrogen economy: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen_economy

p 378 Hydrogen car fire: http://evworld.com/library/Swainh2vgasVideo.pdf

p 378 Hydrogen powered aircraft: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen_aircraft

p 379 Tupolev aircraft: http://www.tupolev.ru/English/Show.asp?SectionID=82

Water

p 380 UNESCO water report: http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/SC/pdf/WWDR4%20Volume%201-Managing%20Water%20under%20Uncertainty%20and%20Risk.pdf

p 380 UN Water Under Pressure: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002156/215644e.pdf

p 381 Wikipedia desalination: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desalination

p 381 Siemens desalination: http://www.siemens.com/innovation/en/news/2011/desalinating-seawater-with-minimal-energy-use.htm

p 381 Peterson, Zhao advanced multi effect distillation: http://pb-ahtr.nuc.berkeley.edu/papers/05-003_HTR_MED_Desalt_E.pdf

Energy policy

p 391 CBO 2012 energy subsidies and support: http://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/cbofiles/attachments/03-06-FuelsandEnergy_Brief.pdf

p 385 EIA 2010 subsidies: http://www.eia.gov/analysis/requests/subsidy/

p 385 DOE 2012 budget: http://www.cfo.doe.gov/budget/12budget/Content/FY2012Highlights.pdf

p 386 MIS subsidies analysis for NEI: http://www.nei.org/filefolder/60_Years_of_Energy_Incentives_-_Analysis_of_Federal_Expenditures_for_Energy_Development_-_1950-2010.pdf

p 386 Pew Char Trust energy subsidies: http://subsidyscope.org/energy/summary/

p 387 RGGI website: http://www.rggi.org/

p 387 Sourcewatch RGGI: http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Regional_Greenhouse_Gas_Initiative

p 388 Vermont feed-in tariffs: http://vermontspeed.squarespace.com/

p 388 Feed-in tariffs survey: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feed_in_tariff

p 388 Iowa production tax credits: http://www.state.ia.us/iub/energy/renewable_tax_credits.html

p 388 State prod tax credits: http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/51465.pdf

p 388 State energy incentives database: http://www.dsireusa.org/

p 388 EPA renew energy cert: http://www.epa.gov/greenpower/gpmarket/rec.htm

p 388 REC market: http://www.srectrade.com/

p 389 Carbon taxes: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon_tax

p 389 ORNL CO2 information analysis center: http://cdiac.ornl.gov/

p 389 IEA 2011 CO2: http://www.iea.org/newsroomandevents/news/2012/may/name,27216,en.html

p 390 EIA projections: http://www.eia.gov/forecasts/ieo/

p 390 Tindale, thorium MSR policy for EU: http://www.cer.org.uk/sites/default/files/publications/attachments/pdf/2011/pb_thorium_june11-153.pdf

p 390 Germany energy policy: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/29/world/europe/29iht-letter29.html?_r=2

p 390 Europe energy prices: http://www.energy.eu

Appendices

p 421 Hargraves/Moir article: http://ralphmoir.com/media/hargraves2010_2.pdf

p 449 Moir/Teller article: http://ralphmoir.com/media/moir_teller.pdf

p 467 Video about Teller: http://motherboard.vice.com/2012/3/7/motherboard-tv-doctor-teller-s-strange-loves-from-the-hydrogen-bomb-to-thorium-energy--2

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